The Lemberg Center for the Study of Violence at Brandeis University was established after the assassination of President Kennedy to investigate the social role of violence in the U.S. This poll, conducted by the Center from October 1966 to March 1967, interviewed 6,047 adult residents of Boston, MA; Pittsburgh, PA; Cleveland, OH; Akron, OH; Dayton, OH; and San Francisco, CA about race, violence, and rioting in their cities. The questions delved deeply into perceptions of the causes and effects of riots, as well as broader questions about race relations, including beliefs about discrimination, attitudes about the speed of integration, perception of likelihood of violence in Northern versus Southern cities, impressions of the efforts of federal and local government in addressing racial problems, and other topics.

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