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Polling and Pearl Harbor

The attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 shocked the U.S. and sent the country into war. At the time, public opinion polling was in its infancy, and early polling organizations, including Roper, Gallup, and NORC, moved quickly to field questions about the public’s response. […]

NORC: The Early Years

The National Opinion Research Center is a non-profit organization associated with the University of Chicago. NORC has been conducting polls since 1941.  There are over 150 NORC polls from the 1940s and 1950s that document the public’s opinion about World War II, the Cold War, foreign policies, and a range of other topics.

Many of the World War II questions focus on the citizens in Axis countries.  Is it necessary to “hate” the enemies in order […]

2015 ORC/CNN Survey Datasets Available

Seven Opinion Research Corporation/Cable News Network (CNN) national studies conducted from June to December, 2015 are now available for download. These studies cover a wide range of topics including 2016 Presidential Election, International Affairs, Charleston Shooting, Race Relations, Vaccinations, ISIS and Gun Control. View the new ORC/CNN Polls.

Sign up for the Archive Additions RSS Feed of studies to keep informed about additions to the Roper Center Archive.

Was entering WWI a mistake?

Defense Spending Pre-WWII

Americans’ Preferred Plan for Vietnam

Public Opinion about Using Nuclear Weapons

As the only nation ever to use nuclear weapons, America holds a unique position in debate over the use of nuclear arms. In August 1945 the U.S. obliterated the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to bring WWII to a close and obviate the need for a prolonged and bloody US ground invasion. […]

Public Understanding of the Holocaust, From WWII to Today

Seventy-two years ago this week, the Soviet army liberated prisoners at the Auschwitz concentration camp. How much did Americans at the time understand about the horrors that were unfolding in Europe, and how much do they know about the Holocaust today? […]

Hawk or dove

Ratings of Job Done by Different US Troops, WWII