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How Groups Voted in 1988

1988
  Demographic Group Dukakis Bush
TOTAL All Voters Pct. 46% 53%
SEX Men 48% 42 58
Women 52 49 51
RACE White 85 40 60
African-American 10 89 11
Hispanic 3 70 30
AGE 18-29 20 47 53
30-44 35 46 54
45-59 22 42 58
60 & over 22 49 51
INCOME <$12,500 12 63 37
$12,500-24,999 20 51 49
$25-34,999 20 43 57
$35-49,999 20 43 57
$50-100,000 19 39 61
>$100,000 5 33 67
UNION HOUSEHOLD Yes 25 57 43
REGION East 25 49 51
Midwest 28 47 53
South 28 41 59
West 19 47 53
PARTY Democrat 37 83 17
Republican 35 8 92
Independent 26 43 57
POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY Liberal 18 82 18
Moderate 45 51 49
Conservative 33 19 81

Notes: Survey by CBS News and the New York Times. Sample of 11,645 voters as they left voting booths on Election Day, November 8, 1988. “Don’t know” and “other” responses not included.